Brenthis ino schmitzi Wagener, 1983



Status. A rare species. According to IUCN criteria categorized as Vulnerable VU B1a+B2a.

Brief description. A medium–sized butterfly (the length of the forewing is 16-18 mm). The ground color of the wings is dark red. The fore and hind wings are marked with evenly arranged black spots.

Distribution. Asia Minor, South Caucasus.

Distribution in Armenia. Found in the Tavush (surroundings of Ijevan town), Gegharkunik (Shorzha village), Kotayk (Tsaghkadzor town, Hankavan and Arzakan villages) and Syunik (surroundings of Kajaran town and the Pkhrut abandoned village) provinces.

Habitats. Subalpine meadows, glades along the timberline.

Biological traits. Flies in a single generation from the beginning of July to August. The probable food plant is Filipendula ulmaria.

Population size and its trends. The quantity is not high. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown.

Major threats. Degradation of steppe ecosystems because of overgrazing.

Conservation measures. Protected in Sevan National Park and Zangezur Sanctuary.

Suggested conservation measures. Incorporation of species habitats to Arzakan–Meghradzor Sanctuary.

© A. Danchenko

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Hesselbarth et al., 1995; Tuzov & Bozano, 2006

Compiler. A. Danchenko