Thersamonolycaena dispar rutila (Werneburg, 1864)



Status. A rare species of very limited distribution. According to IUCN criteria categorized as Critically Endangered CR B1a+B2a. It is listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver 2.3) as Low Risk/Near Threatened LR/nt and in the Appendix II of the Bern Convention.

Brief description. A small-sized butterfly, the length of the forewings is 16-19 mm in males and 18–22 mm in females. The ground color of the wings of male is red with narrow black margins, discal and postdiscal spots. The underside of the hind wings are blue–grey. The fore wings are light red with row of the discal and postdiscal spots.

Distribution. Europe, Caucasus, Azerbaijan (northern slope of the Sevan Ridge), Turkey (Black Sea coast), Central Asia, Siberia, Far East.

Distribution in Armenia. Reported by Romanoff (1884) with label "Lischk" (Zangezur mountain range).

Habitats. Forest glades, mesophyte meadows.

Biological traits. Biological traits in Armenia are unknown. In Europe flies in three generations from end of May to September. Eggs–laying on the stalks and leaves of Rumex hydrolapathum, Rumex crispus. Overwintering as third and fourth instar larvae.

Population size and its trends. Unknown.

Major threats. Unknown.

Conservation measures. Not applied.

Suggested conservation measures. Research of potential habitats on the Sevan Ridge’s southern slopes and the Meghri Ridge and, if the species is found, designation of the occurrence sites as protected areas.

© A. Danchenko

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Romanoff, 1884; A. Pullin, et al., 1998; Samodurov, 2000 (Tuzov editor); IUCN 2009; Convention,...Bern

Compiler. A. Danchenko