Manica rubida (Latreille, 1802)



Status. A rare species of restricted distribution. According to IUCN criteria categorized as Endangered EN B1a+B2a.

Brief description. A quite large–sized ant, the length of the body of worker individuals is 5,5–7,5 mm, that of females is 9–11 mm. The length of the body of males is 8–8,5 mm. The colouration is light reddish–brown.

Distribution. Mountains of Europe (Alps, Harz, Apennines, Sudetes, Carpathians and the Balkans), Turkey, Caucasus.

Distribution in Armenia. Recorded only in Central Armenia in the neighbourhoods of the Artavaz village (Kotayk Province) and Aparan town (Aragatsotn Province).

Habitats. Subalpine meadows at the altitudes of 2000–2500 m above sea level.

Biological traits. Social insects, the colonies may consist of several hundred individuals. They build their nests under the stones and in the soil. The winged sexual individuals were found in the anthills in June, they feed on invertebrates and their dead bodies.

Population size and its trends. A rare species, only several colonies are known. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown.

Major threats. Degradation of ecosystems because of grazing.

Conservation measures. Not applied.

Suggested conservation measures. Incorporation of species habitats to Hankavan Sanctuary, control over grazing.

© A. Chanchanyan

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Araqelyan, 1994

Compiler. H. Khachatryan